Captain Albert Richards- Official War Artist and Soldier in 591 Antrim Parachute Squadron RE.
Here is a gallery of the art work he produced during the years he was in military service as a Sapper with 286 Field Company R.E.
[3 April 1940-mid 1943] and as a Paratrooper with 591 Para Squadron R.E. [Summer 1943- his death 5 Mar 1945]
Links to their current custodians websites and respective archive/catalogue numbers are given where known.

A booklet published in 1978 by the Arts Council of Great Britain, lists many of his works in approximate chronological order, and includes
transcriptions of his correspondence with the War Artists' Advisory Committee [WAAC] which was responsible for granting Richards the status of 'Official War Artist', with an honorary commission rank of Captain. It bought the majority of Richards' art work created during the years he was in the military. After the war, they oversaw the distribution of that art to various public collections around the country.
A detailed biography of Albert Richards' life, written by the artist and art historian Allen Freer, is included in the booklet entitled
"The Rose of Death" (a term coined during the Spanish civil war in reference to the military parachute shape.) Some 155+ paintings and sketches date from his time in the military, in addition to his body of work prior to enlistment. 89 were selected for the exhibition of his work, and are discussed in the booklet.

If you are the owner of any of his works, which are not illustrated here and would like to add a digital photo of it to Albert Richards' Gallery pages, please send the image by e-mail to para-591 @ hotmail.com . Captain Richards was attached to No.2 Troop 591 Parachute Squadron, on D-day for the assault on the Merville Battery, and the capture of Le Plein village, also involved in these missions were several of his colleagues from 286 Field Company RE, his previous unit.
The following list is more or less in chronological order of being painted.


Troops in a Field :circa 1940
[In a private collection]
.
.

Portrays Royal Engineers Manoeuvres [286 Field Coy. RE]

Painted in Ink and Pastel
Size= 24.2cm x 35.5cm


Soldier in Camp :circa 1940
[In a private collection]
.
.

Portrays a Sapper in training-possibly at Fornham Hall
[286 Field Coy. RE]

Painted in Guache
Size= 14.6cm x 18.8cm

A Portrait :circa 1940
[In a private collection]
.
.

Lithograph
Size= 26.7cm x 23.6cm

Searchlight and Balloons :circa 1940
[In a private collection]
.
.

Lithograph
Size=19.2 cm x 14.2cm

Coastal Defences :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description:
"Pill Box was erected on the Northumbrian coast. It was built into a promenade; it was camouflaged by carrying the promenade over it."

Painted in Guache and Watercolour
Size=28.2 cm x 37.9 cm

Inglesham Church :1941
[In a private collection]
update: recently acquired and now at the Walker Gallery, Liverpool.

Note: St.John the Baptist Church, Inglesham, Swindon, Wiltshire
Painted while Richards was working at the Rectory there, which is to the right of the scene.

Painted in Oil
Size=49.3 cm x 73.3 cm

Inglesham Church :1941
[In a private collection]
c. copyright holder

As above, but with a camouflage truck in the foreground
Signed B Richards [Bertie]

Painted in Watercolour
Size=24.2 cm x 30.5 cm

Sappers erecting pickets in the snow :1941
[Walker Art Gallery, National Museums Liverpool]
The WAAC purchased this painting for 15 guineas- equivalent to about 1900 pounds in 2012.
National Museums Liverpool.
Click on image to visit their website


Albert Richards' description:
"This painting was painted while attached to an anti-aircraft battery in County Durham. The work we were engaged upon as far as I know was purely experimental. The painting represents the building of a huge aerial designed to give better gun-laying. The work was carried on in the midst of this year's snow storms. Part of the work entailed the driving in of steel pickets, concreting their base and threading masses of wire through the holes in the top of the pickets to form a net. This work is very simple in summer, but in winter the handling of the steel pickets itself is a trial upon the hands."

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size=51.4 cm x 82.5 cm

XI Corps RE Dump, Essex :1941
[Manchester Art Gallery]
Manchester City Galleries.
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description: "Sections of plasterboard huts in a wood. The engineer's dump has been a feature of many wars. No longer are they tastefully laid out to please the Commander Royal Engineers' eye. The danger of enemy aircraft has made us go to the woods, the denser the wood the better, coniferous woods being the best."

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size=55.9 cm x 76.3 cm

The huts begin to appear :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description: "These modern army camps must break the hearts of many an old soldier. The huts are not regimented in to beautiful lines of threes- they cling to the wood's edge. Some are in the wood. Parts of Nissen huts lie in the foreground."

Painted in Watercolour
Size=28.1 cm x 37.8 cm

Camouflage Tents :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description:
"The camouflaged tents-our arrival at Wimbush, Essex- the site of the hutted camp."

Painted in Watercolour
Size= 28.2 cm x 37.9 cm

Works finished :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description: "When the final whistle blows for 'works finished', the sappers don't waste much time in handing in their tools. Everything is left as if some mysterious hand had snatched the sappers away."

Painted in Watercolour
Size= 28.2 cm x 37.9 cm

The ditched truck :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description:
"This incident happened to us on the recent manoeuvers held in this country. This night No.4 Sub-section the cooks and compressor trucks were cut off from the rest of the company. In a mad effort to catch up with the company, No.4 sub-section truck was ditched much to the disgust of its sleeping occupants. Fortunately the compressor was able to get the sub-section out."

Painted in Watercolour
Size=28.2 cm x 37.9 cm

Spitfire Corner :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Albert Richards' description:
"A half built defence post on an airfield. Spitfire Corner was so named because of the camouflage net which at a distance resembled an aeroplane-The walls of these defences were constructed of 'brick -reinforced-concrete-brick', The brick forms guttering for the concrete."

Painted in Watercolour
Size=28.2 cm x 37.9 cm

Plane in a wood :1941
[In a private collection]
.
.

Painted in Watercolour
Size=28 cm x 36.8 cm

Building a hutted camp in Essex :1942
[The British Council Art Collection]
c.The British Council
Click on image to visit their website.

Albert Richards' description:
" Building a hutted camp in Essex- a very pleasant form of work- most of the work a sapper does is the work of destruction, whether it be a bridge, a pill-box or a man. To be given the chance to create is one of the rewards for so much destruction. We arrived at the sight of the hutted camp. A field with woods on two sides, a road on the third side and another field on the fourth side. Upon this field we built a camp to house two hundred men.The work was very interesting. The problems of water, heating, lighting, drainage etc had to be solved. The camp took about 3 months to build, much hard work was put in. Most of us were as sorry to part with that camp as an artist is with his picture. "

Painted in Oil on Cardboard
Size=60.4 cm x 76.3 cm

A covering for a gun site :1942
[Imperial War Museums]
c.IWM  (Art.IWM ART LD 1940)
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
" Painting deals with some very cold work, which we carried out at the beginning of this year. A frame of tubular scaffolding supports a slab of reinforced concrete, to supply protection for the gunners from shrapnel which may fall around them. The painting shows the steel frame construction. At the time of building, England was covered in a blanket of snow. The weather was bitterly cold. From the light of dawn to fading light of dusk, the sappers were handling these cold tubes of metal. the metal stuck to the fingers, the tubes had to be cut up into the required lengths with hands that were numbed by cold, a body which was exposed to the cold wind blowing in from the coast, no matter how many clothes were worn. "

Painted in Oil onPanel
Size= 44.5 cm x 68cm

Anti-tank ditch :1942
[Russell-Cotes Art Gallery, Bournemouth] 
c. Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum.
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description: "Painting deals with another coastal defence, the 'Anti-tank ditch'. Mile after mile along our coasts these ditches run. Sometimes they are on the coast itself, others are found farther inland. Other obstacles are the concrete road blocks, the wire fences and the tubular scaffolding fences."

Painted in Oil
Size= 78.8 cm x 59.8 cm

Seacomb ferry in wartime :1942
[Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool]
c. National Museums Liverpool
Click on image to visit their website.

Left to Right: MV Daffodil II, a luggage tug transporting an aeroplane and the Seacomb Ferry heading for port on the Wirral, from Liverpool in the top right skyline.

On 2nd June 1943, the MV Royal Daffodil II re-entered service as a Mersey ferry having been raised from the sea-bed and patched up.



http://www.wirralhistory.net/ferries.html

Albert Richards' description: "Painting is of a vital river playing a large part in the war. The River Mersey, whose dark oily waters accepted the 'Ark Royal', the 'Prince of Wales' from the stocks of the Birkenhead shipyards. Its bouncing waves ripped by the wash from destroyers' prows, plodded through by heavily laden cargo ships. A river which has said goodbye to many soldiers and airmen leaving our shores to fight in foreign lands. A river which has had its insides blown up by enemy bombs, her bottom bears the weight of many a bomb torn ship. Although this river has many visitors, her own family are the beloved ships of the river. The hard working tugs and dredgers and the ferry boats who have carried on throughout the war, carrying passengers to and from their work; many of them are munition workers and ship builders doing work of national importance. The luggage boats are fitted with a jib crane and carry aeroplanes across from Gladstone Dock to the railhead nearest their destination. One proud ferry boat, bearing the famous name of her forebear The Royal Daffodil II was moored to her native landing stage on the Cheshire bank of the river during the particularly heavy raids of the winter of 1941. The forepart of the ship was struck by a bomb, sinking her a few yards from the shore. Her top deck is all that can be seen. Attempts to raise her are in progress, but as late as March of 1942 she lay helpless on the bottom of the river."

Painted in Oil on board
Size=52.2 cm x 75 cm

[From a letter dated 25 April 1942 Refering to the previous four paintings, all of whom were purchased by the WAAC.]

"This set of paintings I know are not brilliant. And I feel, are not a true statement of myself or my feelings. I feel I could do much better and I hope that I shall improve. Now that the daylight is longer, I shall be able to do more of an evening. We have been stuck in one position for the last three months, so I have not had much chance of subjects. The only subject I see around me is boredom. I do hope that one day I shall get a chance to become a War Artist. Maybe this summer I shall send proof of my capabilities.
yours faithfully
A.Richards. "

Tanks ready for shipment overseas :1942
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 3283)
Click on  image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description: "Painted last summer ['42] , when the 8th Army stood behind the defences at El-Alamein. The war was not going in our favour, but the Industrial Battle was piling up war material on the outskirts of our docks. The painting is of such a scene in the rear of Birkenhead docks."

Note: The location of this scene is very close to Albert Richards' home.

Painted in Oil
Size=50.8 cm x 76.1 cm

A searchlight battery :1942 
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 3284) .
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:          "A searchlight battery, situated at the end of a pleasure pier at the mouth of the river Mersey, an area which suffered much in the winter of 1941 from the German Bomber. Now after nights of terror, the battery continues its ever watchfulness."

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size= 50.8 cm x 76.1 cm

Take off and landing field :1943
[The British Council Art Collection]
c. The British Council
Click on image to visit their website.

Albert Richards' description:
"A cruciform slab of concrete about 1.5 miles in length, which eventually became a take off and landing field for large bombers, an invasion base for a second front (Suffolk)."

Painted in Oil on Cardboard
Size= 62.3 cm x 75.5 cm

Parachute jump near Tatton Park :1943
[In a private collection]
c.copyright holder.


[Note: part of this is the image used as the cover of the book 'The Rose of Death'
published by the Arts Council of Great Britain in 1978.]


c. IWM (TR 48)

Albert Richards' description:
"My first painting of British Paratroops. Painting of 'Exercise Candle' (Tatton Park). All British paratroops trained in England know the meaning of 'Exercise Candle'. It means the change from being a parachutist to becoming a paratroop. Last year and this year, until I joined the paratroops, my mind was very blank and I hadn't any desire to paint. Now that my life is more interesting, I haven't the time to paint. But I have the beautiful experience of parachute descents to make up for it."

Note: Exercise Candle presumably refers to the last jump stage of the training course from a tethered ballon, a night time jump above Tatton Park. The balloon was a barrage balloon shape.

Painted in Oil on Board
Size= 61.6 cm x 84.8 cm

Kilkenny's Circus :1943
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 3922)
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"Parachute Training School Paratroop(s) undergoing synthetic training."

Note:A Hangar at Ringway (South Manchester) was kitted out with assorted contraptions to simulate controlling a canopy during decent, practising a parachute landing, and also to practise jumping through a hole or door of a variety of aircraft .

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size= 50.5 cm x 77.5 cm

Airborne RASC (Royal Army Supply Corps) supply dropping :1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 3923).
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description: "Exercise Bizz II- two minute red light for action stations."

Note: Exercise Bizz II was a large scale practise for the D-day assault, and air drops took place over Brize Norton in the last days of March 1944.

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size=58.2 cm x 84.8 cm


The Drop :1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 3924)
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"Exercise Bizz II- 3rd Brigade dropping in the foreground. 9th Battalion in the distance, the massed drop (American method) 8th battalion and Canadian battalion."

Note:The American Method refers to parachutists jumping through the open doorway of an aircraft such as the Dakota, rather than through a hole in the floor, which had been the case in training using Whitley bombers.

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size= 54.9 cm x 75.3 cm
.

Exercise Mush :Apr-May 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM  (Art.IWM ART LD 4176)
 Click on image to visit their website
[unfortunately this IWM image has glass reflection.]



Painted in Oil on Panel
Size=57.2 cm x 76.9 cm


Note: This exercise took place on 21 April 1944 at RAF Harwell and Brize Norton.

Loading containers on a Dakota aircraft :Mar-May 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4178)
Click on  image to visit their website.

Painted in Oil on Panel
Size=55.6 cm x 75.6 cm

Note: Heavy pods of equipment are man handled into position under the sloping fuselage of a Dakota.

The Landing- H Hour minus six :Jul 1944
aka Night Landing- H hour minus six.
[The Tate Gallery, London]
c.The Trustees of the Tate Gallery
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"In the distance the glow of the Lancasters bombing the battery to be attacked. "[Merville Battery]

"(My memory is much more clear on this point now than when I painted this picture, it is badly designed and there's a lot more that could be said.)"

Note: Albert Richards called this painting Night Landing-H hour minus six.

Painted in Watercolour
Size=53.5 cm x 73.5 cm

Withdrawing from the battery :Jul 1944
aka Retiring from the battery at Merville-Franceville-Plage
[The Tate Gallery, London]
c. The Trustees of the Tate Gallery.
Click on  image to visit their website.

Albert Richards' description:
"After the battery's guns had been destroyed. The MO [Medical officer] set up his RAP [Regimental Aid Post] in a bomb crater."

From later correspondence he states:"This battery is now in the enemies' hands. There's a lot of work to be done here and I know that it will be a good painting when I can get back there."

Note: Albert Richards called this painting "Retiring from the battery at Merville-Franceville-Plage"


Painted in Watercolour
Size=53.5 cm x 73.5 cm

[This had been his intended target on D-day with No.2 Troop attached to the 9th Battalion Paras.]

At the village of Le Plein :Jul 1944
aka Sniping the sniper at Le Plein
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4197)
Click on image to visit their website.

Albert Richards' description:
"at the village of Le Plein the constant watch for snipers hidden in the village. The barn set on fire after Germans had been driven out."

Note: Albert Richards called this painting 'Sniping the Sniper at Le Plein'. The capturing of Le Plein village was the second mission for Albert Richards after the Merville Battery assault. Vastly outnumbered by the Russian conscripts and snipers, the stand off at the village lasted till June 12th, and the paratroopers and gliderborne troops spent their time patiently trying to pick off enemy snipers. Six deceased snipers were found in the top of the church tower alone, after the village was captured, thanks to the arrival of the 1st Special Service Brigade Commandos.  

Painted in Watercolour
Size=53.4 cm x 74.9 cm

Gliders cross landed against a bridge :Jul 1944
aka The Gliders at the Pegasus Bridge
[Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool]
c. National Museums Liverpool.
Click to visit their website


Albert Richards' description:
"Occupants [of the gliders] took bridge which is one of our two vital bridges which form the link between the-main 'bridge head' and the Eastern sector held by the Airborne."

Note: Albert Richards called this painting "The gliders at Pegasus Bridge"

Painted in Watercolour
Size=57 cm x 76 cm

(Capt. Richards and the rest of No.2 Troop less 16 missing men, rejoined the 591 at Ranville, during the early hours of 8th June. So his paintings and sketches will be of the debris left over after the D-day landings of the 5th/6th June.)

Crashed Gliders :Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4232)
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"The glider landing zone at Ranville."

Note: Glider Aircraft No. LH285 in the foreground.


Painted in Watercolour
Size=53.3 cm x 73.1 cm

Horsa Glider:Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6300)
Click on image to visit their website

Sketched in Pencil, Pastel and Watercolour
Size= 16.5 cm x 22.3 cm

Glider : Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6301)
Click on image to visit their website

Sketched in Watercolour and crayon.
Size= 16.8 cm x 22.3 cm

Exhaustion Cases :Jul-Aug 1944
[Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool]
c. National Museums Liverpool
Click to visit their website.

The sketch below held by the IWM, is for this painting


Albert Richards' description:
"Wards are wide trenches covered with canvas".


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 56.4 cm x 79.5 cm

Note:
(Only the deaths and those wounded by enemy action are noted in the war diary, but looking at unit strength numbers, those not fit due to illness and physical or mental exhaustion are high in number.Many recovered to return to their work, others were sent back to England to recuperate.During the immediate aftermath of the D-day assault on Pegasus and Horsa Bridges, the area came under considerable sustained mortar attack. A significant number of medical casualties stem from this, rather than the D-day parachute/airborne landings.)

Dead Soldier-sketch :Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6287)
Click on image to visit their website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 17.5 cm x 22 cm

Night scene at La Delivrande :Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4235)
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"No.1 Corps Field Park Company at La Delivrande."


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 53.4 cm x 73 cm

The public garden at La Delivrande :Jul-Aug 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM ART LD 4234
Click  to visit their website.

Albert Richards' description:
"The whole of beach-head is a car park."

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 53.4 cm x 72.4 cm

Paratroops outside Breville :Jul-Aug 1944
[The Tate Gallery, London]
c. Trustees of the Tate
Click on image to visit their website

Albert Richards' description:
"No.9 Battalion outside Breville. (There to stay.)"

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 56 cm x 78.5 cm

Note: A soldier sleeping in his own slit trench. Three other soldiers preparing a brew, having dug their slit trenches on the hill side among the trees.

The 9th Battalion had attacked and captured Breville on the 12th June and it remained in Allied control thereafter.

Landing of Paratroops :Jul-Aug 1944
[Ferens Art Gallery, Kingston Upon Hull]

Click to visit website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 53.4 cm x 73.8 cm

The road between St Aubin and Benouville :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c.  IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4661)
Click on image to visit their website

The following quick sketch is the top left quadrant of the above painting.
Telegraph poles and the remains of a Horsa glider.

IWM ART LD6267

Probably St. Aubin sur mer

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54.7 cm x 73.8 cm

Note: one of the main supply routes, this road was under constant attack, and camouflage screens were erected to afford some protection to the passing convoys. St. Aubin was in the NAN sector of the Canadian's Juno Beach Landing area. The seaborne supply of 591 vehicles were then channeled by road towards Benouville, then across the Pegasus and Horsa bridges to Ranville.

The search for rubble :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c.  IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4667) .
Click on image to visit their website

The following sketches held by the IWM,
this conveyor belt, is depicted in the above painting.

The scene below is on the left of the painting.

This sketch makes up the central subject of the painting - A stone crusher.
 
IWM ART LD6302

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 58.4 cm x 77.5 cm

Note: No.2 Troop was road mending on 20th June 1944, so these sketches and paintings stem from that day's activities.

Stone quarry at La Delivrande :Autumn 1944
[The Mosslands School, Wallasey]
.
.

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 74 cm x 58.5 cm

Sketches for Stone Quarry :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6379)
Click to visit their website


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 16.9 cm x 22.3cm

Sketches for Stone Quarry :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6323)
Click on image to visit their website.


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 27.6 cm x 37.8cm

The orchard by-pass :Autumn 1944
[Wirral Borough Council]
.
Click for their website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 52 cm x 71 cm

La Delivrande By-pass :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM(Art.IWM ART LD 6298)
Click on painting image to visit their website.

Below is a photo labeled The Bayeux by-pass, built at the same time.
Photo c. the estate of Thomas Sim McCorkindale [1916-2003] 503 Field Coy. RE. Illustrating the type of road surfacing being used.

.

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 18.9 cm x 24.2 cm

Roadmakers :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6292a)
Click to visit their website


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 16.9 cm x 22.3 cm

German bridge demolition :Autumn 1944
and Sketch for German bridge demotition
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4666) .
Click on image to visit their website

The sketch below is for this painting.

IWM ART LD 6265

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 56 cm x 75.8 cm

Rail bridge near Caen :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6321)
Click to visit their website


Painted in Watercolour and Crayon.
Size= 16.9 cm x 22.3 cm

Black Caen :Autumn 1944
[Glasgow Art Gallery]
IMAGE NOT YET AVAILABLE.

The following is a sketch for this painting. From the IWM collection.

Distant view of Caen :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6271)
Click to visit their website


 






Painted in Gouache and Ink.
Size= 54.7 cm x 74.5 cm


 

 

 





 


 

 




Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 17.5 cm x 21.9 cm

A soldier in front of ruined buildings :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6296)
Click on image to visit their website .


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 18.7 cm  x 24.1 cm

Falaise Gap :August 1944
c. Art.IWM ART LD 6303
Click on image to visit their website.

Albert Richards' has written Falaise Gap on this sheet.


Painted in Watercolour,
Size= 17 cm x 21.9 cm cm

Typhoon orchard :Autumn 1944
[The British Council Art Collection]
c. The British Council
Click on image to visit their website.

The following sketch is depicted in the top right quadrant of the above painting.

IWM ART LD6297
There is also a sketch of a cart which could be the one used in this painting.

IWM ART LD6249
A sketch for a dead horse as depicted in the final painting.

IWM ART LD6307


Painted in Watercolour, Ink and Gouache.
Size= 53.4 cm x 73.1 cm

August Moon :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD ....).
Click to visit their website


Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 14.7 cm x 22.3cm

Horse and Moon :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD ....).
Click to visit their website


Painted in Oil, Watercolour and Pencil.
Size= 19.4 cm x 28 cm

Burnt out German petrol tankers :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4665).
Click image to visit their website

The sketch below is the central background to the above painting

IWM ART LD6316
The sketch below is the main burned out tanker in the foreground of the above painting.

IWM ART LD6309


Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 58.4 cm x 78.2 cm

Marmalade Bridge :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM  (Art.IWM ART LD 4668)
Click  image to visit their website

below is one of Albert Richards' sketches used in preparation for this painting:
IWN ART LD6254 

Sketch below is correct on the left, but the flipped mirror image (on the right) is what appears in the lower right quadrant of the final painting. This may account for the grid lines painted over the original watercolour sketch.

IWM ART LD6256
 
Le Pont Aux Anglaise as it appears today

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 55.9 cm x 75.5 cm

The beginning of the battle of Le Havre :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD ....)
Click to visit their website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54.3 cm x 73.1 cm

German prisoners :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD ....)
Click to visit their website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54 cm x 72.5 cm

The port of Le Havre :Autumn 1944
[National Maritime Museum]
c. National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London.
Click on image to visit their website

The sketch below can be found in the top right quadrant of this painting.

IWM ART LD6317a
The sketch below is the fishing vessel in the top left of the painting.

IWM ART LD6276


Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 55.9 cm x 76.3 cm

Dutch farm on the road to Tilberg :Autumn 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4823).
Click on image to visit their website.

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54.2 cm x 72.3cm

Country perambulations Mk2 :Autumn 1944
[In a private collection]
.
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Painted in Pen and Ink.
Size= 10.2 cm x 12.8 cm

Collaborators in the Cigar Factory at Reusel :Winter 1944
[NV Karel I Sigarenfabriek, Reusel, Eindhoven]
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4659).
Click on image to visit their website

 
b/w photo c. www.dbnl.org             colour photo c. 2011 Ronald Baak



Albert Richards' sketch for this painting   c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 6311 a)

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54.2 cm x 73 cm

Note: Some of Albert Richards' sketches are used in this composition.

Sketch in Watercolour and Ink
Size=19.2 cm x 28.2 cm

 

A battlefield west of Eindhoven :Winter 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4824) .
Click on image to visit their website

Painted in Watercolour.
Size= 54.3 cm x 73 cm

Taking over a position :Winter 1944
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4829)
Click on image to visit their website

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 55.9 cm x 76.3 cm

Breaking up the attack :Winter 1944
[Royal Armouries, Fort Nelson]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4825) Imperial War Museums (Click)
Click on image to visit Armouries website

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 55.9 cm x 76.3 cm

Anti-aircraft guns and in the top right corner is what appears to be a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch or Stork aircraft, which could have been attacking or used for reconnaissance. It doesn't appear to be kitted out for battle.

Cold Holland :Early 1945
[Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool]
c. National Museums Liverpool.
Click on image to visit their website



Painted in Oil on board.
Size= 58.5 cm x 77.8 cm

The Flooded Maas :Feb 1945
[Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool]
c. National Museums Liverpool.
Click on the painting image to visit their website

The Gennep bridge was built over the flooded R.Maas in Feb 1945.
Photo c. the estate of Thomas Sim McCorkindale [1916-2003] 503 Field Coy. RE.

Albert Richards' comments on the flooding:
"The flooded landscape has brought fresh interest to the warfare. Warfare that amounts to island hopping on a small scale. The past few days have been very enjoyable, taking small voyages across these flooded areas. Slowly but surely we are creeping into Germany, one might say 'into Germany in bottom gear', which surely applies to driving in a jeep, for if it's not traffic that holds one up, it's the muddy roads. I'm not very good at waiting in traffic hold ups which I suppose are inevitable, and I've developed the bad habit of trying to find a new road. On our map there are several possible routes, and I try them. This is where the badness of the habit shows up. For I usually end up at a blown bridge and have to return to the traffic jam or I get my car bogged in some deep mud, miles from help. "

Painted in Oil on board.
Size= 58.4 cm x 77.5 cm

 

Note: Albert Richards is buried at Milsbeek Cemetery, about 3km from Gennep. Killed by a landmine a week or so after the photo was taken. He had driven his jeep accidentally into a minefield as he sought a new route.

 

 

 



The Siegfried Line [between Heerlen and Aarchen] :Early 1945
[Imperial War Museums]
c. IWM (Art.IWM ART LD 4830).
Click image to visit their website

Painted in Oil on Panel.
Size= 56.5 cm x 76.5 cm


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          [page last updated 13 May 2015]